LM35 temperature sensor interfacing with Arduino code

lm35 temperature sensor interfacing with arduino code

Hello, welcome back. In this tutorial, we will learn what an LM35 sensor is and how it works with an Arduino. Also, the shape of this sensor is similar to the shape of a transistor. We can get the temperature as an analog value through this sensor. The main advantage of this sensor is that it can get very accurate values at a very low cost.

lm35 temperature sensor interfacing with arduino code

How does this LM35 sensor work?

This sensor operates according to a method called linear scale factor (10mv / ° C). That is, 10 millivolt is 1-degree centigrade. For example, if a 100 millivolt output is received through the sensor, the temperature is 10 degrees Celsius. In this way, the temperature range can be obtained on the output voltage. We can get a temperature range of -55 degrees to 150 degrees through this sensor. Also, the input voltage can be given as 4 to 30.

Let us use the LM35 sensor module for this tutorial.

lm35 temperature sensor interfacing with arduino code

The PIN structure of this sensor module

Okay, let’s learn how to connect this sensor module with Arduino. The required components are as follows.

Step 1

Firstly, identify these components.

Step 2

Secondly, connect these components. To do this, use the circuit diagram below.

lm35 temperature sensor interfacing with arduino code

Step 3

Thirdly, let’s creates the program for this tutorial. It is as follows.

/*Temperature sensor with Arduino.
  created by the SriTu Hobby team.
  Read the code below and use it for any of your creations.
  http://srituhobby.com
*/
#include <LiquidCrystal_I2C.h>
LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x27, 16, 2);

#define sensor1 A0

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  lcd.init();
  lcd.backlight();
}
void loop() {
  int value1 = analogRead(sensor1);
  double tempC = value1 * (5.0 / 1023.0) * 100;
  double tempF = tempC * 9 / 5 + 32;

  lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
  lcd.print("..Temperature..");
  lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
  lcd.print("C:");
  lcd.print(tempC);
  lcd.setCursor(8, 1);
  lcd.print(" F:");
  lcd.print(tempF);

  Serial.print("Temperature C: ");
  Serial.print(tempC);
  Serial.print("'C");
  Serial.print("\t");
  Serial.print("Temperature F: ");
  Serial.print(tempF);
  Serial.println("'F");

}

Code explanation

Firstly, the I2C library is included and object was created for this library.

#include <LiquidCrystal_I2C.h>
LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x27, 16, 2);

Secondly, the sensor pin is defined.

#define sensor1 A0

In the setup function, the serial monitor and LCD begin.

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  lcd.init();
  lcd.backlight();
}

In the loop function,

void loop() {

//This code gets the analog values and puts them into the integer variable
  int value1 = analogRead(sensor1);

//This code Converts analog value to centigrade degrees
  double tempC = value1 * (5.0 / 1023.0) * 100;

//This code Convert centigrade to the Fahrenheit
  double tempF = tempC * 9 / 5 + 32;

//The centigrade and Fahrenheit values are displayed on the LCD
  lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
  lcd.print("..Temperature..");
  lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
  lcd.print("C:");
  lcd.print(tempC);
  lcd.setCursor(8, 1);
  lcd.print(" F:");
  lcd.print(tempF);

//The centigrade and Fahrenheit values are displayed on the Serial monitor
  Serial.print("Temperature C: ");
  Serial.print(tempC);
  Serial.print("'C");
  Serial.print("\t");
  Serial.print("Temperature F: ");
  Serial.print(tempF);
  Serial.println("'F");

}

Step 4

Lastly, select board and port. After, upload this code to the Arduino board.

OK, enjoy this tutorial. The full video guide is given below. So, we will meet in the next video.

LM35 temperature sensor interfacing with Arduino code

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